Paper Title (in bold font)
Department & College Name
Course Number and Name
Description of Pathology (Criteria 1):
In this section, you will describe the pathology (statistics about it, background information, etc.). Give as much information as you can about it but be sure it is relevant information and not just filler. It should be a comprehensive introductory section of the condition in one to two paragraphs.
Normal anatomy of the major body system effected (Criteria 2):
In this section, you will describe what is considered NORMAL anatomy for your particular pathophysiology. For example, if you are discussing a disease related to the brain, explain what is normal for the brain from an anatomical standpoint. You should show comprehensive knowledge of the fundamental concepts and communicate information using scientific vocabulary. There should be little to no discussion of the condition itself in this section.
Normal physiology of the major body system effected (Criteria 3):
Same as the previous section, but instead of explaining the anatomy, you will be discussing the physiology. Keep in mind that when describing physiology, it isn’t enough to merely provide a function of the structure (Ex: Neurons send signals throughout the body), but instead, you need to be able to describe HOW it does it. The how is the physiology. There should be little to no discussion of the condition itself in this section
Mechanism of Pathophysiology (Criteria 4):
This section is likely going to be the most in-depth and longest section. In this section, you will explain your particular pathophysiology from a scientific standpoint. In the previous two sections, you explained what is considered normal, in this section, you should describe what the pathophysiology is doing that is causing these issues, how the anatomy is affected, and how it has an effect on the physiology of that particular system. You should show a thorough understanding of the anatomical and physiological changes contributing to the disease. Some good keywords to search for when doing your research might be “Pathology of __________”, Pathophysiology of __________.”
Prevention (Criteria 5):
In this section, you will explain how your pathophysiology could be prevented. This should outline possible prevention protocols, or clearly indicate if none is available based on the current scientific literature.
Treatment (Criteria 6):
In this section, you will explain how your pathophysiology is commonly treated. Provide possible treatment protocols for the condition based on current scientific literature. Be sure to bring in nursing relevant information and how you might be involved in the treatment of the condition.
While not included in the criteria a good academic paper always ends with a conclusion rather than just abruptly stopping. Check out: https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/common_writing_assignments/argument_papers/conclusions.html for a good review on how to write a conclusion for an academic paper.
This final reference page needs to include any and all references you utilized to find information about your particular topic. Remember, the information needs to come from academic/scholarly resources. https://scholar.google.com/ is a great search engine to help you find academic resources. Sites such as Wikipedia are okay to use as a reference/starting point to locate good articles; however, they cannot be used as a primary source of information.
***Tip: If you find information in Wikipedia, scroll down to the bottom of the page, you can usually find academic articles that authors have utilized to complete the information. Most of the time you can simply click on that article for a direct link, or simply search for the name of the article in our Library Database to find a complete text.
***Be sure that your in-text citations are accurate and follow APA formatting, again utilize the Purdue Owl website to help with that.
*** Remember, if you have a reference in your final reference list it MUST be cited in-text somewhere. And if you have an in-text citation it must have a final reference included, no exceptions!
*** Journal Article should have been published within the last 5-7 years to ensure accuracy. Science is ever changing, so an article from 20 years ago may not be accurate anymore.
Example final reference:
Hills, A. P., Andersen, L. B., & Byrne, N. M. (2011). Physical activity and obesity in children. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(11), 866-870.