Behavioral Analysis: Behavior Change Plan Full Description and Rubric
In this paper, after describing a client with a behavior they want to change, you will propose possible reasons the client is performing that behavior. Then you will develop a single system design, that is, a plan to assess the effectiveness and success of a client intervention.
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Part 1: Client System & Problem
You will spend the first half of the semester working on this paper, so it will be helpful to pick a topic you find interesting to make the paper more fun to write. Think of a potentially dysfunctional human behavior that you are interested in knowing more about. The idea is to imagine a hypothetical person who has a behavior or bad habit they want to change. In this scenario, you will be the person’s social worker, looking for a way to help them change. You may use someone you know, or yourself, or a character in a movie or television show, or simply make up a fictional person. Describe the key characteristics of the client. Who is your client? What is your client’s gender, age, race, socioeconomic status, employment? Does your client live with anyone? If so, who? Be creative! This part is all up to you. Describe the behavior that the client would like to change and their beliefs regarding the causes of that problem behavior. How long has it been a problem? How often does it show up? What negative impact does it have on the clients’ life? Why does the client want to change it? Explain the frequency and seriousness of the behavior, and describe the client’s context (family/other important people/living situation/etc.) – any issues in their environment that might be relevant. (If your client is based on a real person, protect confidentiality by not disclosing the person’s real name and be sure to alter any identifying details).
Part 2: Analysis of the Problem Behavior
In this part of the paper you review the literature on the problem behavior and the strategies or interventions that have been used to address the reasons of the problem behavior. This section will be comprised of a minimum of two paragraphs, each one addressing one of the articles reviewed in the literature and its relationship to your client’s case. Be sure to use in-text citations to cite the articles in APA style.
1. Find at least 1 article from a scholarly/peer-reviewed journal that discusses the target behavior and includes possible reasons that people might begin the behavior (possible causes or risk factors of the behavior. What theory/explanation is offered in the article that is helpful in understanding why your client might be continuing an unwanted behavior? Discuss what the authors suggest might be behind such behavior and how/why it relates to your client. Using this information, create at least one hypothesis regarding the factor(s) that may be causing and/or maintaining the behavior.
2. Then, find at least 1 article from a scholarly/peer-reviewed journal that discusses an intervention (can be an evidence-supported intervention or evidence-supported treatment) to address the reason/cause behind the behavior that you identified in the previous paragraph. That is, how would we try to address the possible cause of the behavior proposed by the hypothesis? You have identified one possible “root” of the behavior, so now we want to intervene to change that “root.” This might be a treatment, an intervention, a program, a type of therapy, or some other approach to ending or reducing the issue behind the behavior. Briefly describe the elements of the treatment as used in the article. Next, critique it: Discuss why some or all of the intervention might be appropriate to use with your client, and why. Discuss ways in which some parts of it (if any) might not be appropriate for your client and why. Discuss whether the intervention evidence-based.
3. Create a Reference list, also in APA format, on its own page at the end of the assignment. (Note: the reference list always appears at the end of a paper, no matter how many sections you turn in! It does not stay between Parts 2 and 3—move it to the end).
Part 3: Outcome Goals and Objectives
Give a rationale and identify at least one outcome goal for the client (if you have one hypothesis, you will have one goal; if more, you’ll have more). (Use an if/then statement: “if it’s true that ClientX is breaking windows due to bad eyesight, then to stop the window-breaking, [Goal:] we have to fix the bad eyesight.”) The goal will address the ROOT of the behavior as described in Part 2. It should be a behavioral goal and will come directly from the hypothesis. Note: you are not going to intervene with the behavior itself (e.g., breaking windows), you are intervening with the identified “root” of the behavior (e.g., bad eyesight)! Operationalize each goal into at least 3 measurable objectives. (Objectives are the action steps that a client will take to work toward the goal[s].) Use the intervention you discussed in Part 2 to help you build your objectives. Make sure all objectives are measurable as they will be the indicators of your client’s success. The objectives also need to reflect the goal(s) and be appropriate, that is, they need to have the desired impact on the root of the behavior. You may add objectives that are not included in the intervention from Part 2. If you feel your client needs additional action steps (objectives) beyond those in the intervention/treatment, go ahead and add them. For example, if someone drinks too much and your intervention is meant to correct anxiety that might be the reason they drink, you may also want your client to attend AA meetings in addition to participating in the anxiety intervention. You can be creative as long as the objectives are appropriate!
Part 4: Planned Intervention/Implementation
In this section, you are going to describe in detail how to carry out the objectives you outlined in Part 3. First, fill out the table below. Then write a narrative where you describe in detail what you and your client will do to work on changing the behavior. Give specifics about who/when/how often/where things will take place. Provide a rationale for the intervention(s). In other words, discuss why each intervention will work toward the goal(s) stated in Part 3. Make certain that the intervention(s) relates to the cause/root of the behavior as noted in Part 2, and take into consideration the characteristics of the client that you identified in Part 1.