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  Introduction : 

– explaining what is lobbying 

 how lobbying can impact firms/firm performance : obtaining rate increases, earmarks, new import tariffs/protectionism

Main body :

– larger firms are more likely to lobby  the Financial Times list of the 500 largest European firms by firm value is used

(European transparency register6 has a large amount of information surrounding lobbying activities of firms)

– variables used will be : whether a firm has an office in Brussels, if a firm hires an external party to do its lobbying and if a firm is associated with an industry association that lobbies

The dummy variable has a value of 1 if a firm lobbies and 0 if it does not.

Dependant variable ; Tobin’s Q is measured as the book value of assets divided by the end-of-year market value of common stock

– equation for tobins q analysis to see how lobbying impacts the firm performance

– example equation Yt = + 1 Lobbying dummyt + 2 Tobins Qt-1 + 3 Ln assetst + 4 industry dummies + u

example of essay similar to this assignment : https://feb.studenttheses.ub.rug.nl/9666/1/Thesis_C_Dreue.pdf

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