A leader’s personality is of critical importance in leading a school successfully. The leader’s
personality is shaped by attributes, values, attitudes, dispositions and reputation that
resonate well with the school community’s expectations. The image that a school leader
projects to stakeholders can affect relationships within the school community.
Write an essay of about 6 pages in which you critically discuss the statement above, giving
examples from everyday school situations. In your discussion, cite the relevant literature to
support your argument.
Your assignment should have the following structure:
Assignment 1 is an introductory assignment that focuses on a school leader’s personality.
Elements that shape personality include attributes, values, attitudes, dispositions and
reputation. These elements may resonate well or poorly with the school community’s
expectations. The image that a school leader should project, particularly in times of change,
is critical. If a school leader, for instance, tends to panic and instil fear in teachers when
problems arise, such a leader will not be trusted.
I know how costly it is to study, particularly at a postgraduate level where access to textbooks
can become a significant barrier to learning. For this reason, there is no prescribed book for
this module, which is meant to ensure that you do not incur financial costs involved in
purchasing books. You can access relevant online learning materials such as journal articles
from the search engines such as Google Scholar available from our library. You will not,
however, be restricted to a particular source when citing sources. All references cited in the
Learning Guide are helpful, and you are free to cite them. It is essential to give practical
examples from your school and what you read from the literature. Such examples will provide
the context to the assignment and link theory (what you read) to practice (your experiences
from everyday school situations). At the end of these guidelines, I have presented scenarios
derived from my experience as a secondary school teacher and principal. You have your own
experiences you can reflect upon and from which I am going to learn. You will be guided by
the questions I ask myself as I reflect on my scenarios.
Before you do this assignment, have a plan for the various sections. Also, study the rubric on
p.101 of the Learning Guide to understand how this assignment will be assessed. While the
assignment is about six pages long, you will not be penalised for a shorter or longer
assignment, because what is important is not the length of the assignment, but the quality of
the discussion you present.
The following are guidelines for Assignment 1.
1. Introduction
(Length: 2-2 paragraphs)
When writing your introduction, the first thing to do is indicate what the assignment is all about
to arouse readers’ attention and generate their interest in what you intend to discuss in the
assignment’s text. In other words, tell your readers what this assignment is all about. Introduce
the reader to the concept of ‘leadership personality’. See pp26-27 of the Learning Guide for
examples of the various aspects of personality, but you can present these aspects in your own
words. You can even cite the literature to support your point (See the critical review of the
literature somewhere below). Secondly, think about your plan and mention the various issues
you will be discussing in the body of the assignment, considering the argument that the image
that a school leader projects to stakeholders can affect relationships within the school
Length: About two paragraphs
2. Body
(Length: 3-5 pages)
Divide the body of your assignment according to headings. The following questions can assist
you in developing headings:
2.1 According to the literature (cite a source), what is the relationship between leadership
personality and stakeholder perception according to the literature (cite a reference)
and in your opinion (give your own definition and cite an example from the school
situation)? Examples of headings:
 Personality as a critical factor in stakeholder perception
 The link between the school leader’s character and the school
2.2 What are the characteristics/elements/qualities of a school leader projecting a good
image? Study Figure 1 and pages 26-27 in your Learning Guide and discuss the
personality of a good leader demonstrated when a new change is introduced in the
school (e.g. Covid-19). Cite the literature and provide practical examples in your
discussion. Examples of headings:
 The influence of a school leader’s commitment to values on parents
and teachers
 Practices of goal-directed school leaders
 Attributes needed in managing change in the school
 Relationship between learner achievement and the school manager’s
attitude towards change
3. Conclusion
Length (1-2 paragraphs)
In your conclusion, you need to summarise the main points highlighted in the body of your
assignment. Remember the central issue of leadership personality. State your conclusion now
that you have discussed the various elements of personality as they apply in practice and as
presented in the literature you cited. Example:
This assignment has focused on the recurring problem, namely, … Issues discussed in
this assignment include … Lessons from the literature and practices in schools indicate
that … For example, it is shown that … This suggests that … Following this discussion,
the conclusion is that …
4. References
4.1 In-text reference: It is crucial to support each statement you present with evidence (a
reference to the literature). When you source, write the name of the author of the
source, year of publication within the brackets. Depending on how you cite, the author’s
name or names of authors and the year of the publication can either be written inside
or outside the brackets (I encourage you to use the Harvard Referencing Techniques
when referencing. When you cite the literature/sources, please do not write or quote
your sources word-for-word; instead, paraphrase (use your own words) and
acknowledge your sources of the ideas you use to support your statement or argument
and interpret it. This practice is called a critical review of the literature. Follow the
following logical formula:
 State your point/present a statement.
 Support your statement/point with reference to the literature/source.
 Interpret the literature.
According to the literature, school leaders influence teaching and learning, but this
influence is indirect (Bush & Glover, 2002). For instance, teachers are directly and
constantly in touch with learners in a school situation, unlike principals. What this
suggests, in other words, is that teachers will have more influence on learners than
their principals.
4.2 List of References
(Length: 1-2 pages)
Ensure that you list all sources you have cited in the text of your assignment. Search for
any article or dissertation written by a UP student or academic from Google Scholar and
see how a list of references is drawn. Studying sources such as these will also assist you
in learning how sources are cited in the text – we learn from others.
5. Technical issues
Take note of the following issues when you write:
 Write in a simple language (academic language).
 Check language and other grammatical errors.
 Proofread your work before you submit it to ClickUp.