Question 1 (1.1) 200 words

a)    State three appropriate functions of the skeletal system.

b)    How do muscle and bones work together to produce movement?

 

Question 2 (1.1) 70 words

Using the illustration above, name and locate the regions of the spine.

 

Question 3 (1.1) (answers not included in word count)

Using the illustration above, label at least 15 anatomical bones.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

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25.

26.

27.

 

Question 4 (3.1) 200 words

a)    Long bones are a type of bone classified by their characteristics. Name 3 long bones.

b)    What is the typical structure of a long bone?

 

Question 5 (1.2) 480 words

a)    Joints can be classified according to their structure and function. Describe the structure of a synovial joint

b)    Explain the way that all joints can be classified.

c)     Explain the ranges of movement possible for the following synovial joints:

                          I.     Hinge

                        II.     Ball and socket

                      III.     Pivot

                      IV.     Gliding

 

Question 6 (1.3) 180 words Explain the differences between bone and cartilage?

Question 7 (2.1) 170 words Describe the gross and microscopic structure of striated muscle.

Question 8 (2.2) 200 The sliding filament theory is the method by which muscles are thought to contract. Explain the mechanisms involved, according to the sliding filament theory.

Question 9 (3.2) 300 Explain the different ages/stages of bone development from fertilisation to adulthood.

 

 

Useful website for resources:

Bone Formation and Development

Skeletal Muscles

Bone Formation and Development

https://openstax.org/details/books/anatomy-and-physiology