The civil war in El Salvador lasted over a decade and took the lives of more than seventy thousand citizens. In January 1992, the leadership of the leftist Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) and the negotiating team of the Salvadoran government, joined at the last minute by President Alfredo Cristiani, signed a peace accord ending twelve years of civil war in El Salvador. Many analysts consider El Salvadorâ€™s transition from civil war to peace among the most successful implementations of a peace agreement in the post-Cold War period. Almost exactly ten years later to the day, on January 20, 2002, a group of scholars, politicians and civic leaders held a conference to evaluate in political and economic terms the years since the signing of the accord. Given the nature of the Salvadorian transition, what have been the major achievements/setbacks in the post- Civil War years? How have the government, civic and business leaders dealt with the issues of political and economic exclusion? Compare and contrast the views of the THREE authors.
READ: EL SALVADORâ€™S DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION TEN YEARS AFTER THE PEACE ACCORD
Read the Introduction (pg. vii-ix) and work on the first THREE documents* to answer the essay question.
*(Document 1)Ricardo Guillermo Castaneda, Consejo Empresarial SalvadoreÃ±o para el Desarrollo Sostenible
(Document 2)RubÃ©n Zamora, political leader and former Chair, Political Science Department,University of El Salvador JosÃ© Miguel Cruz, Universidad Centroamericana JosÃ© SimeÃ³n CaÃ±as, Instituto Universitario de OpiniÃ³n PÃºblica (IUDOP)
(Document 3)Commentator,Terry Karl, Stanford University